One Day Later: Public Domain Day 2013

News About the Day

If you’re not familiar with January 1st’s significance as Public Domain Day, please read its Wikipedia Article for context.

I commented on the linked CC blog post above.

Project Gutenberg Canada published “Wintersmoon. Passages in the Lives of Two Sisters, Janet and Rosalind Grandison. (1928) [The fourth and final novel in Walpole’s series The Rising City, a portrait of England from 1900 to 1927.”

The same author also wrote a post welcoming Virginia Woolf (my favorite female author and top 2 all time [DFW’s the other]) to the Public Domain.

Joe Corneli also wrote about (and signed) the related “Public Domain Manifesto.”

What Didn’t Come into the Public Domain

The Tweet above is slightly misleading, there are no authors whose works that were not already in the Public Domain that’ll be coming in now. Works already in the public domain but not yet published (there are millions!!) can still be published/re-mixed, etc. More details in this Tweet from Duke’s Center for the Study of the Public Domain:

New Works Dedicated to the Public Domain by Authors

Disclaimer: I’m a very proud contributor to the CC Zero dedicated Peeragogy Handbook!

Tweets & External Links Copyright © the Original Author.

Text Copyright © 2012 by Charlie Danoff. Rights given a CC Zero 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.

Lab Report 1 ~ Exploring how to release something into the public domain

Mr. Danoff's Teaching Laboratory
Lab Report
#: One
Topic: Exploring how to release something into the public domain
Date: 01 April 2011

Cf. = an abbreviation for the Latin word confer (the imperative singular form of “conferre”), literally meaning “bring together”, is used to refer to other material or ideas which may provide similar or different information or arguments. via Wikipedia


“I am wondering what the policy is on developing public domain resources here. That is, if I created a resource (e.g. lesson plan) and as the creator dedicated it to the public domain, then brought it into Wikiversity. Afterwards, could it still be a public domain resource? Given images that are edited by the community can remain public domain, I don’t see why not. I did a rough draft of a license for this, built off one from another Wikimedia project where this goes on. –Charles Jeffrey Danoff 21:16, 21 February 2011 (UTC)”

sparked a long discussion in the Wikiversity colloquium.

Led me to this from the a U.S. Copyright Office – Regulations webpage.

§ 201.26   Recordation of documents pertaining to computer shareware and donation of public domain computer software.

(a) General. This section prescribes the procedures for submission of legal documents pertaining to computer shareware and the deposit of public domain computer software under section 805 of Public Law 101–650, 104 Stat. 5089 (1990). … (b) Definitions … (1) The term computer shareware is accorded its customary meaning within the software industry.  … (2) A document designated as pertaining to computer shareware means licenses or other legal documents governing the relationship between copyright owners of computer shareware and persons associated with the dissemination or other use of computer shareware.  … (3) Public domain computer software means software which has been publicly distributed with an explicit disclaimer of copyright protection by the copyright owner.

Examples I’ve seen of people putting their work out into the public domain include the Mediawiki Wiki Template:PD Help Page (Cf. Project:PD help). And a similar template on the Microformats Wiki (Cf. Category:public domain license: 1.1 Why Public Domain?).

micro-formats-wiki-public-domain-templateFigure 0.1
Microformats Wiki Template

Then there’s this from The United States Army | FAQ

I have a site on the Internet, and was wondering if I could post some of your pictures on my site?

Images, pictures, and other media depicting Army personnel carrying out their official duties may be used by non-Federal entities in communication venues which are solely informational in nature, such as newspapers, news magazines, or other media that focus on reporting social or industry news, and are not directly or indirectly associated with a marketing, advertising, or a self-promoting activity (including company annual reports).

Photographs and imagery on the Army’s website at, unless otherwise noted, are in the public domain. Attribution of the source is always appreciated by the military photographer.

Army imagery is provided without talent releases on any individual portrayed. Imagery is provided with the understanding that the Army has no authority to waive the privacy rights of any individual depicted in government media. And no exclusive rights to official records may be claimed by any organization or individual.

OVO‘s dedication is slightly different:

The person or persons who have associated their work with these documents (the “Dedicators”) hereby dedicate the entire copyright in the works of authorship identified below (the “Work”) to the public domain. Dedicators make this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to the detriment of the Dedicators’ heirs and successors. Dedicators intend this dedication to be an overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights under copyright law, whether vested or contingent, in the Work. Dedicators understand that such relinquishment of all rights includes the relinquishment of all rights to enforce (by lawsuit or otherwise) those copyrights in the Work. Dedicators recognize that, once placed in the public domain, the Work may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, used, modified, built upon, or otherwise exploited by anyone for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and in any way, including by methods that have not yet been invented or conceived.

I’ve made some efforts of my own

wikiversity-public-domain-template-attemptFigure 0.2
Wikiversity User:Charles Jeffrey Danoff/PD Sandbox 6. Template Attempt
oercisian-article-public-domain-licensing-screenshotFigure 0.3
Finding Concerts for OERcisians: Independent Academics & Scratch (Money) Copyright Information

Although advice from the Duke Center for the Study of the Public Domain, which eventually led me to some reading from the Free Software Foundation by rms. After considering the idea of copyleft I did a draft of something that might be more appropriate:

metapad-screenshotFigure 0.4
Screenshot of Metapad on my computer.


Probably helpful also to read the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and/or Robert A. Baron’s Making the Public Domain Public.

Acknowledgment: I’d like to thank Rebecca Blood’sThe Weblog Handbook” for inspiring me to explore new ways to use my weblog with this post.

Amplifications & Corrections

  1. I re-did the link to the USA Army FAQ, it was broken. 01 April 2011
  2. The Oxford English Dictionary’s second definition of public domain is “The state or condition of belonging or being generally available to all, esp. through not being subject to copyright. Chiefly in in the public domain.” [sic] Their second example of usage is “1938 Lowell (Mass.) Sun 20 Apr. 20/1 First published in 1904, ‘Pinocchio’ is in the public domain for America.” 07 April 2011.
  3. I sent this post to the Public Domain discuss list. A kind reader sent me an e-mail suggesting “I think that the metapad screenshot should say ‘It has been given <license list> licenses.’, not ‘It has been give a <license list>’.” I agree. 10 April 2011.
Copyright (C) 2011 Charles Jeffrey Danoff (Mr. Danoff). Creative Commons Attribution 2.1 Japan Licensed. :: :: :: ::

final lesson of the first semester

last lesson of the first semester this week. finished with the textbook, so i’m going to focus instead on common mistakes many of them make while focusing more on fun so they can get a little break as they get ready for their really – really important exams next week.

Grades 7&8
Final First Semester Lesson
Chinese English
Version 0.11


Last lesson of the semester. I want to have a relaxed atmosphere where
the kids can enjoy themsleves. It still is class though, so I will try
to quickly explore some common mistakes many of them make with English.

* Comic Strips


* OR # are for instructions or notes.
‘ means is for something to say.
== and CAPITAL letters is a section header.
= and lower case letters is a sub-section header.
<> Indicates a link to a web resource.



0 Before Class Preparation
* Clean classroom.
* Write ‘Lesson Plan’ and ‘Announcements’ on the board.

1 Opening Conversation
* Open with ‘Yo.’ and ‘What’s up?’ which we have been practicing.
‘How busy are you with studying?’
‘What will you be doing for your English exams?’
‘Do you have any questions for me about your exams?’
‘What have you thought about our classes together this semester?’
* Perhaps tell a personal story.
** Our family Volvo is older than most of the students.
** When I was a kid and that dude in the locker room he was fat.
* Announcement: Poetry Contest
** Topic: Stars
** Deadline: April 1st
** Word Limit: 100 Words

2 Chinese English ‘Chinglish’ Corrections
* no why! – Gone over this all semester, review they should be saying
‘no reason’.
* pronunciation of ‘C’ – Many students say it as ‘say’ instead of
* pronunciation of ‘F’ – Many students say it as ‘f-uh’ instead of ‘eff’.
* give me! – Inform the students it is rude to say this when they want
something. It is not a question, but an order, like what a teacher
says to a student. Ask what situations are OK to giv orders/questions?
Ask if they know what to say instead, if they don’t tell they should
say “Can you please give me?”
* I know! I know! – Many students say this after I tell them something
they did not know. Say if I ask them a question and they already know
the answer, they can say ‘I know!’ ‘I know!’. If they don’t know the
answer and I explain it to them they should be saying ‘I understand’.
* laowi! – Ask what they think when they say that around a foreigner?
Are they trying to be mean? Inform them it is rude to say or address
someone by that title. Use an example of a Chinese person in America
if many people pointed and laughed when they went to dinner at night
saying “foreigner!”.

** From here on out, vary by class depending on what they like. **

3 Game they want to play and/or Everybody’s an artist and/or
(boys against girls) Game and/or Go Outside
* Everybody’s an artist

* Competition (boys against girls) Instructions

4 Read Comics and Relax
* If possible go through a comic strip with them step by step – seeing
what they think.
* Hand out comic strips.
* Walk around the room sitting with different groups of students
talking and see if they want my help.
* See if they want to share their QQ and/or email addresses with me.
* Depending on the mood, perhaps take a picture of the kids.



= Materials Used Whose Copyright is Owned by Others =

*** I used these because it was allowed within the rights given by the
people who made the materials.
*** The copyright of this lesson plan does not reflect the copyright
of these materials. Please contact the creators to see how it is
OK to use their materials.
*** If I used something created by you and you would like me to change
the way I use it or the attribution, please let me know.

* Copyright Holder – Dave’s ESL Cafe
* Website
* Materials Used
** Everybody’s an artist, by Scott Van Wagenen
** Competition (boys against girls), by Chad Davis

* Copryright Holder – Chicago Tribune & Sun-Times
* Materials Used
** Many editions of the Sunday comics, kindly sent to me by my father.

= Materials Used I Created =
* Comic Book Activity

= Acknowledgments =
* I would like to thank all the 7th and 8th grade classes at Anqing Foreign
Language School who had this lesson for their participation and
feedback. I would also like to thank the Anqing Foreign Language
School for allowing me to teach.

= Changelog =

Ver 0.1 Jan 17, 2010
* Sketched out ideas and rough plan on paper at an Anqing coffee shop.

Ver 0.2 Jan 18, 2010
* Transcribed into aquamacs clarifying and finalizing my prep for the week.

= Copyright =
As the creator and copyright holder of this document I, Charles Jeffrey Danoff , enter it into the public domain.

Show and Tell Activity ver 0.1

This is an activity I created, but have not used in class. Hopefully it will go over smoothly next week. Below I pasted the information available in the original file.

Show & Tell Activity
Version 0.1

# Any level.

Type of Activity
# Listening and speaking.

# A fun way to force every student in the class to listen and speak.

# The week before assign your students homework of: Bring something from home to class to talk about.
# This assignment has the advantage of even if they forget, they still complete it, as the clothes they wear or their pencil or textbook are all things they brought from home.

15 – 30 Minutes
# Put kids into groups of 4.
# If a kid forgot to bring something, have them choose something they are wearing, or a pen or something like that.
# Each child has to present what another one brought in for Show & Tell. They have to write at least two sentences about the object.
# After assigning the groups, give the kids about 7 minutes to complete the sentences.
# Before each group presents, chose a question group. Each member of this group of 4 students has to ask a question about one of the objects being presented.
## Depending on how it goes, require the kids to bring in a different object for the following week.
## Perhaps introduce a competitive element?

This game forces all the kids to get involved and think about English, but in a non-threatening way.

This activity is entered into the Public Domain by Charles Jeffrey Danoff, its writer and copyright holder.

Contact Information

Please let me know if you have any suggestions, criticisms or comments in the comments below.

As a side note, I based the activity format of the document from this on the ITESLJ. I could be wrong, but I do not think I need to acknowledge such a thing in the Copyright notice on the document itself.